1Testing suspend and resume support in device drivers
2    (C) 2007 Rafael J. Wysocki <>, GPL
41. Preparing the test system
6Unfortunately, to effectively test the support for the system-wide suspend and
7resume transitions in a driver, it is necessary to suspend and resume a fully
8functional system with this driver loaded. Moreover, that should be done
9several times, preferably several times in a row, and separately for hibernation
10(aka suspend to disk or STD) and suspend to RAM (STR), because each of these
11cases involves slightly different operations and different interactions with
12the machine's BIOS.
14Of course, for this purpose the test system has to be known to suspend and
15resume without the driver being tested. Thus, if possible, you should first
16resolve all suspend/resume-related problems in the test system before you start
17testing the new driver. Please see Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt
18for more information about the debugging of suspend/resume functionality.
202. Testing the driver
22Once you have resolved the suspend/resume-related problems with your test system
23without the new driver, you are ready to test it:
25a) Build the driver as a module, load it and try the test modes of hibernation
26   (see: Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt, 1).
28b) Load the driver and attempt to hibernate in the "reboot", "shutdown" and
29   "platform" modes (see: Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt, 1).
31c) Compile the driver directly into the kernel and try the test modes of
32   hibernation.
34d) Attempt to hibernate with the driver compiled directly into the kernel
35   in the "reboot", "shutdown" and "platform" modes.
37e) Try the test modes of suspend (see: Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt,
38   2). [As far as the STR tests are concerned, it should not matter whether or
39   not the driver is built as a module.]
41f) Attempt to suspend to RAM using the s2ram tool with the driver loaded
42   (see: Documentation/power/basic-pm-debugging.txt, 2).
44Each of the above tests should be repeated several times and the STD tests
45should be mixed with the STR tests. If any of them fails, the driver cannot be
46regarded as suspend/resume-safe.

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