Root/kernel/latencytop.c

1/*
2 * latencytop.c: Latency display infrastructure
3 *
4 * (C) Copyright 2008 Intel Corporation
5 * Author: Arjan van de Ven <arjan@linux.intel.com>
6 *
7 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
8 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License
9 * as published by the Free Software Foundation; version 2
10 * of the License.
11 */
12
13/*
14 * CONFIG_LATENCYTOP enables a kernel latency tracking infrastructure that is
15 * used by the "latencytop" userspace tool. The latency that is tracked is not
16 * the 'traditional' interrupt latency (which is primarily caused by something
17 * else consuming CPU), but instead, it is the latency an application encounters
18 * because the kernel sleeps on its behalf for various reasons.
19 *
20 * This code tracks 2 levels of statistics:
21 * 1) System level latency
22 * 2) Per process latency
23 *
24 * The latency is stored in fixed sized data structures in an accumulated form;
25 * if the "same" latency cause is hit twice, this will be tracked as one entry
26 * in the data structure. Both the count, total accumulated latency and maximum
27 * latency are tracked in this data structure. When the fixed size structure is
28 * full, no new causes are tracked until the buffer is flushed by writing to
29 * the /proc file; the userspace tool does this on a regular basis.
30 *
31 * A latency cause is identified by a stringified backtrace at the point that
32 * the scheduler gets invoked. The userland tool will use this string to
33 * identify the cause of the latency in human readable form.
34 *
35 * The information is exported via /proc/latency_stats and /proc/<pid>/latency.
36 * These files look like this:
37 *
38 * Latency Top version : v0.1
39 * 70 59433 4897 i915_irq_wait drm_ioctl vfs_ioctl do_vfs_ioctl sys_ioctl
40 * | | | |
41 * | | | +----> the stringified backtrace
42 * | | +---------> The maximum latency for this entry in microseconds
43 * | +--------------> The accumulated latency for this entry (microseconds)
44 * +-------------------> The number of times this entry is hit
45 *
46 * (note: the average latency is the accumulated latency divided by the number
47 * of times)
48 */
49
50#include <linux/latencytop.h>
51#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
52#include <linux/seq_file.h>
53#include <linux/notifier.h>
54#include <linux/spinlock.h>
55#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
56#include <linux/export.h>
57#include <linux/sched.h>
58#include <linux/list.h>
59#include <linux/stacktrace.h>
60
61static DEFINE_RAW_SPINLOCK(latency_lock);
62
63#define MAXLR 128
64static struct latency_record latency_record[MAXLR];
65
66int latencytop_enabled;
67
68void clear_all_latency_tracing(struct task_struct *p)
69{
70    unsigned long flags;
71
72    if (!latencytop_enabled)
73        return;
74
75    raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&latency_lock, flags);
76    memset(&p->latency_record, 0, sizeof(p->latency_record));
77    p->latency_record_count = 0;
78    raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&latency_lock, flags);
79}
80
81static void clear_global_latency_tracing(void)
82{
83    unsigned long flags;
84
85    raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&latency_lock, flags);
86    memset(&latency_record, 0, sizeof(latency_record));
87    raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&latency_lock, flags);
88}
89
90static void __sched
91account_global_scheduler_latency(struct task_struct *tsk, struct latency_record *lat)
92{
93    int firstnonnull = MAXLR + 1;
94    int i;
95
96    if (!latencytop_enabled)
97        return;
98
99    /* skip kernel threads for now */
100    if (!tsk->mm)
101        return;
102
103    for (i = 0; i < MAXLR; i++) {
104        int q, same = 1;
105
106        /* Nothing stored: */
107        if (!latency_record[i].backtrace[0]) {
108            if (firstnonnull > i)
109                firstnonnull = i;
110            continue;
111        }
112        for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) {
113            unsigned long record = lat->backtrace[q];
114
115            if (latency_record[i].backtrace[q] != record) {
116                same = 0;
117                break;
118            }
119
120            /* 0 and ULONG_MAX entries mean end of backtrace: */
121            if (record == 0 || record == ULONG_MAX)
122                break;
123        }
124        if (same) {
125            latency_record[i].count++;
126            latency_record[i].time += lat->time;
127            if (lat->time > latency_record[i].max)
128                latency_record[i].max = lat->time;
129            return;
130        }
131    }
132
133    i = firstnonnull;
134    if (i >= MAXLR - 1)
135        return;
136
137    /* Allocted a new one: */
138    memcpy(&latency_record[i], lat, sizeof(struct latency_record));
139}
140
141/*
142 * Iterator to store a backtrace into a latency record entry
143 */
144static inline void store_stacktrace(struct task_struct *tsk,
145                    struct latency_record *lat)
146{
147    struct stack_trace trace;
148
149    memset(&trace, 0, sizeof(trace));
150    trace.max_entries = LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH;
151    trace.entries = &lat->backtrace[0];
152    save_stack_trace_tsk(tsk, &trace);
153}
154
155/**
156 * __account_scheduler_latency - record an occurred latency
157 * @tsk - the task struct of the task hitting the latency
158 * @usecs - the duration of the latency in microseconds
159 * @inter - 1 if the sleep was interruptible, 0 if uninterruptible
160 *
161 * This function is the main entry point for recording latency entries
162 * as called by the scheduler.
163 *
164 * This function has a few special cases to deal with normal 'non-latency'
165 * sleeps: specifically, interruptible sleep longer than 5 msec is skipped
166 * since this usually is caused by waiting for events via select() and co.
167 *
168 * Negative latencies (caused by time going backwards) are also explicitly
169 * skipped.
170 */
171void __sched
172__account_scheduler_latency(struct task_struct *tsk, int usecs, int inter)
173{
174    unsigned long flags;
175    int i, q;
176    struct latency_record lat;
177
178    /* Long interruptible waits are generally user requested... */
179    if (inter && usecs > 5000)
180        return;
181
182    /* Negative sleeps are time going backwards */
183    /* Zero-time sleeps are non-interesting */
184    if (usecs <= 0)
185        return;
186
187    memset(&lat, 0, sizeof(lat));
188    lat.count = 1;
189    lat.time = usecs;
190    lat.max = usecs;
191    store_stacktrace(tsk, &lat);
192
193    raw_spin_lock_irqsave(&latency_lock, flags);
194
195    account_global_scheduler_latency(tsk, &lat);
196
197    for (i = 0; i < tsk->latency_record_count; i++) {
198        struct latency_record *mylat;
199        int same = 1;
200
201        mylat = &tsk->latency_record[i];
202        for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) {
203            unsigned long record = lat.backtrace[q];
204
205            if (mylat->backtrace[q] != record) {
206                same = 0;
207                break;
208            }
209
210            /* 0 and ULONG_MAX entries mean end of backtrace: */
211            if (record == 0 || record == ULONG_MAX)
212                break;
213        }
214        if (same) {
215            mylat->count++;
216            mylat->time += lat.time;
217            if (lat.time > mylat->max)
218                mylat->max = lat.time;
219            goto out_unlock;
220        }
221    }
222
223    /*
224     * short term hack; if we're > 32 we stop; future we recycle:
225     */
226    if (tsk->latency_record_count >= LT_SAVECOUNT)
227        goto out_unlock;
228
229    /* Allocated a new one: */
230    i = tsk->latency_record_count++;
231    memcpy(&tsk->latency_record[i], &lat, sizeof(struct latency_record));
232
233out_unlock:
234    raw_spin_unlock_irqrestore(&latency_lock, flags);
235}
236
237static int lstats_show(struct seq_file *m, void *v)
238{
239    int i;
240
241    seq_puts(m, "Latency Top version : v0.1\n");
242
243    for (i = 0; i < MAXLR; i++) {
244        struct latency_record *lr = &latency_record[i];
245
246        if (lr->backtrace[0]) {
247            int q;
248            seq_printf(m, "%i %lu %lu",
249                   lr->count, lr->time, lr->max);
250            for (q = 0; q < LT_BACKTRACEDEPTH; q++) {
251                unsigned long bt = lr->backtrace[q];
252                if (!bt)
253                    break;
254                if (bt == ULONG_MAX)
255                    break;
256                seq_printf(m, " %ps", (void *)bt);
257            }
258            seq_printf(m, "\n");
259        }
260    }
261    return 0;
262}
263
264static ssize_t
265lstats_write(struct file *file, const char __user *buf, size_t count,
266         loff_t *offs)
267{
268    clear_global_latency_tracing();
269
270    return count;
271}
272
273static int lstats_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *filp)
274{
275    return single_open(filp, lstats_show, NULL);
276}
277
278static const struct file_operations lstats_fops = {
279    .open = lstats_open,
280    .read = seq_read,
281    .write = lstats_write,
282    .llseek = seq_lseek,
283    .release = single_release,
284};
285
286static int __init init_lstats_procfs(void)
287{
288    proc_create("latency_stats", 0644, NULL, &lstats_fops);
289    return 0;
290}
291device_initcall(init_lstats_procfs);
292

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